Courtship & Breeding behaviour of Emu

Emus usually mature sexually between 18 months to 28 months of age. Since Emu is a wild bird, allow the birds to move freely and select their own pair in the colony pen. Their courtship is a ritual, which is must watch for any Emu breeder. Both male and female, strut and display the neck feathers. The male walks around the female and both come opposite to one another. The male takes a lead in necking and the pair starts circling. The male rubs his neck on the mane of the hen. The female makes a deep drumming sound (booming) and male makes a grunting sound. The female then sits with upraised plum. The male then mounts. The activity continues for nearly a minute. The male then leaves and the female the slowly walks away. Allow Emu to pair naturally from a communal pen. Non-compatible birds will fight. Many Emu begin producing in their second year. Emu lay eggs in the winter months usually between November to March. Initially during the first laying, the second egg would be laid after 8 – 10 days, But later on, eggs are laid every 3 – 4 days, with an average of 30 – 40 eggs / season. Some may even produce up to 50 eggs per season.

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